Fourier Pipe Solution
Next generation of Pipeline for Energy & Water Transportation
Our technology builds on a fundamental pipe flow study originally completed at Princeton University by one of GTvate Partners and then developed jointly at University of Alberta.Using the flow topology associated with the most energetic Fourier modes of the flow, we have developed a new pipe insert that manipulates large-scale-motion (LSM) to concentrate the flow at the core, reducing the risk of erosion and corrosion, while adding mixing effects to lower the risk of condensation and slug formations. This technology will also accelerate the core flow and reduce flow velocity at the wall leading to a significantly lower pressure drop. Our test indicates that the overall efficiency and reliability improvement contribute to substantial improvement of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the midstream industry.
The novelty of this technology lies in its sophisticated science that manipulates recently discovered coherent structures inside a turbulent boundary layer. Yet, the flow manipulation is achieved in a passive and simple implementation within the pipe. Our technology involves a flow mechanism that enforces particular dynamics and flow topology to decelerate the near-wall flow, accelerate the axial bulk flow, and induce local mixing. The optimized velocity profile reduces the friction force and consequently pressure drop in the pipe while increasing the core velocity and the derivative would induce more mixing effect in the flow having the immediate effect of reducing the slur settlement on the wall. Out of these three effects
Lower velocity at the wall reduces pressure drop and consequently power consumption for the pumping effect
The higher core velocity with low wall velocity extensively improves the erosion-resistance effect in the pipe and contributes to lower heat dissipation.
Induce mixing effect substantially improve the filtering effect and reduce settlement in the pipe which is the main reason for maintenance and emergency shutdown in the pump
We have confirmed through a series of POC that this technology enables us to reduce drag forces by as much as 25% and drop convective heat loss to the pipe walls by up to 20%.
This is a priority design that is developed fundamentally based on the Fourier Pipe. The Fourier Casing was developed to improve the efficiency of Geothermal flow loops by reducing heat transfer to the formation, flow inserts (FI) using Fourier technology to concentrate the flow towards the core, which decelerates the flow at the walls leading to lower convective heat transfer. The enhanced heat transfer efficiency is further improved by using secondary outer layers for the two-shell casing tubes. This technology lowers the heat loss to the casing, which is proven as a technical barrier to the feasibility of Enhanced Geothermal Processes. Our POC proves that a 10% improvement in heat efficiency is the minimum advantage of this technology, however, our team detail engagement on Geothermal projects enables further improvement by more specific design based on the reservoir heat character and ground formation